1- Definition of the natural landscape.
The natural landscape is defined as any physical space that has not been modified by man. These types of landscapes are far from the daily life of people, for this reason, there are few landscapes of this type. This is because cities, transportation routes and other types of buildings are responsible for supplying man with all needs.
With all this, you can find natural landscapes where the climate, geological elements and ecology remain intact at all times. There are several examples, these are the North Pole and the South Pole among others.
Therefore, these are lands that are uninhabitable for man due to their characteristics due to the soil, the climate or the determined height. They also do not have raw materials or soils that can be exploited.
2- Elements of the natural landscape.
The elements of a landscape will determine its qualities and characteristics, and it would not be otherwise with natural landscapes, they are as follows:
– Area: it is the land that unfolds by certain limits. This is where the natural landscape develops.
– Relief: they are all the geographical features that are identified within a specific area. A mountain or a valley are two examples.
– Water: they are molecules that are composed of two hydrogen atoms by one of oxygen. It is colourless, without smell and tasteless. It is one of the most important elements for life in that territory, this life can be animal or vegetable
– Flora: it is what has to do with vegetables, that is, the plants, shrubs or trees that inhabit that landscape.
– Fauna: it has to do with animals, that is, mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles and fish. The types of animals that live in this natural landscape in question.
– Minerals: they are the inorganic materials that are characteristic of each of the natural landscapes that we find.
– Climate: in this section, it enters into everything related to its weather conditions. Among them, humidity, atmospheric pressure, temperatures and rainfall stand out, among other important indicators.
– Soil: it is the outer layer of the earth’s crust. Different kinds of vegetation develop with all of the above.
3- Characteristics of the natural landscape.
As we have said before, the natural landscape is one that does not present signs related to man’s intervention. Although the landscape may be intact, there is some small construction such as a bridge that can be crossed by man. Still, it keeps its elements intact.
Another option is for people to live in these places. But, the population is very scarce, in most of the times, they do not live nearby, so the terrain will not be affected at any time.
Another possibility is that the natural landscape is protected by a man. This means that by law, that land is preserved at all times. This implies that there is a visitation restriction for people, and certain guidelines must be applied for their care and maintenance. So both the native flora and fauna of the area will be guaranteed. Along with natural parks, there are also natural monuments and nature reserves.
The landscapes become a tourist destination for many people due to their beauty and for being an exotic place.…